A Brief Skim Through the Bible

Jesus

This devotional is written by Matt Coombs.

Luke 4:14-30

The Gospels

14 Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about him spread through the whole countryside. 15 He was teaching in their synagogues, and everyone praised him.
16 He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. He stood up to read, 17 and the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written:
18
"The Spirit of the Lord is on me,
    because he has anointed me
    to proclaim good news to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners
    and recovery of sight for the blind,
to set the oppressed free,
19
    to proclaim the year of the Lord's favour."
20 Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him. 21 He began by saying to them, "Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing."
22 All spoke well of him and were amazed at the gracious words that came from his lips. "Isn't this Joseph’s son?" they asked.
23 Jesus said to them, "Surely you will quote this proverb to me: 'Physician, heal yourself!' And you will tell me, 'Do here in your hometown what we have heard that you did in Capernaum.'"
24 "Truly I tell you," he continued, "no prophet is accepted in his hometown. 25 I assure you that there were many widows in Israel in Elijah's time, when the sky was shut for three and a half years and there was a severe famine throughout the land. 26 Yet Elijah was not sent to any of them, but to a widow in Zarephath in the region of Sidon. 27 And there were many in Israel with leprosy in the time of Elisha the prophet, yet not one of them was cleansed - only Naaman the Syrian."
28 All the people in the synagogue were furious when they heard this. 29 They got up, drove him out of the town, and took him to the brow of the hill on which the town was built, in order to throw him off the cliff. 30 But he walked right through the crowd and went on his way.31 Then he went down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, and on the Sabbath he taught the people. 32 They were amazed at his teaching, because his words had authority.
33 In the synagogue there was a man possessed by a demon, an impure spirit. He cried out at the top of his voice, 34 "Go away! What do you want with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are - the Holy One of God!"
35 "Be quiet!" Jesus said sternly. "Come out of him!" Then the demon threw the man down before them all and came out without injuring him.
36 All the people were amazed and said to each other, "What words these are! With authority and power he gives orders to impure spirits and they come out!" 37 And the news about him spread throughout the surrounding area.

38 Jesus left the synagogue and went to the home of Simon. Now Simon's mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever, and they asked Jesus to help her. 39 So he bent over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her. She got up at once and began to wait on them.
40 At sunset, the people brought to Jesus all who had various kinds of sickness, and laying his hands on each one, he healed them. 41 Moreover, demons came out of many people, shouting, "You are the Son of God!" But he rebuked them and would not allow them to speak, because they knew he was the Messiah.
42 At daybreak, Jesus went out to a solitary place. The people were looking for him and when they came to where he was, they tried to keep him from leaving them. 43 But he said, "I must proclaim the good news of the kingdom of God to the other towns also, because that is why I was sent." 44 And he kept on preaching in the synagogues of Judea.

Reflection

We have arrived in the New Testament which starts with the gospels - the four lives of Jesus. Mark was written first and is the shortest, and Matthew and Luke were written around the same time as each other and draw material from Mark's gospel and include some of their own accounts too. John's gospel was written later and has a slightly different emphasis from the first three. Nevertheless, all four gospels show who Jesus is, what Jesus did.

This passage is often known as the Jesus manifesto, meaning, this is what Jesus thought he was on earth to do. This is how Jesus introduces his ministry fulfilling Old Testament promises. The Old Testament provides insight into God's plan for his people, but it is Jesus who brings things into clarity. Jesus came as the completion of the story which the Old Testament had told, and as the fulfilment of the promise which the Old Testament had declared.

This is then followed by two short stories illustrating Jesus' powerful ministry on behalf of the poor and captive.

Throughout the gospels we see Jesus doing all of the above: proclaiming the good news of the kingdom of God, healing the sick, setting the captives free, restoring spiritual and physical sight to the blind. In the gospels, Jesus has either done a miracle, is doing a miracle or is on his way to do one. All of which is a sign of his kingdom.

Where do you need Jesus' power today? Which aspect of his manifesto is good news to you?

On hearing Jesus speak, the people in the synagogue tried to throw him off a cliff. What do you make of this reaction? Why are they threatened in this way by him?

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